Bladder Cancer Symptoms
Bladder Cancer Facts
Every year, over 70,000 new cases of bladder cancer are diagnosed across America and this is the ninth most common form of cancer in the world. Certain groups possess a higher risk for contracting bladder cancer. Caucasians, men and smokers are twice as likely to develop bladder cancer as the general population. Almost all those who develop bladder cancer are over the age of 55 years. Bladder cancer is highly treatable when diagnosed and treated in its early stages.
Located in the lower abdomen, the bladder stores urine, which is the waste produced after the kidneys filter blood. The bladder is hollow and has flexible but muscular walls, allowing it to become larger and smaller depending upon whether urine is stored or emptied. Urine is made in the kidneys and then moves through tubes called “ureters” to the bladder.
The bladder is made up of several walls with a layer of cells lining the inside of the bladder, ureter and parts of the kidney. Most bladder cancer begins in the urothelium, which is the outer layer of the bladder just inside the primary layer of cells. Later, if not treated, it grows into the walls where it becomes more difficult to effectively treat.
If cancerous cells are detected while they remain in this outer layer, the treatment possibilities are much greater. As the cancer spreads into those inner layers of the bladder, it becomes much harder to treat. Papillary and sessile tumors will begin to form in the walls of the bladder in early stages and then spread into the bladder itself during later stages.
Types of Bladder Cancer
There are several types of bladder cancer and these are classified based upon the types of cells each contains. The most prevalent types are:
1. Transitional cell-This type of bladder cancer affects about 90% of patients and begins in the urothelial cell lining. If the cancer remains contained in the bladder lining, then it is referred to as “non-invasive” bladder cancer.
2. Adenocarcinoma: This type develops in the bladder’s inner lining and may originate as a result of chronic inflammation. This is an aggressive form of bladder cancer.
3. Squamous cell: As the name indicates, this type begins in the squamous cells. These are thin, flat cells that sometimes form in a bladder after some type of long-term infection. Though this type of bladder cancer occurs less frequently than transitional, it may be more aggressive.
Bladder Cancer Symptoms
- The most frequently reported symptom of bladder cancer is the appearance of blood in the urine (hematuria). Two thirds of all cases report this symptom.
- Frequent or painful urination-This is reported in a high number of bladder cancer cases.
- Weakness-Patients often report feeling weak or sluggish with no energy.
- Loss of appetite-Some patients reported loss of appetite or changes in appetite.
- Abdominal pain-Patients often report pain or discomfort in the bladder area.
These symptoms can also be associated with an enlarged prostate gland, urinary infections, bladder stones or cystitis and do not always indicate the presence of bladder cancer. A doctor should be consulted for proper testing and diagnosis.
Actos® and Bladder Cancer
ACTOS® (pioglitazone) is a medication used to treat type 2 diabetes. It is manufactured and sold by Takeda Pharmaceuticals. It was approved for usage by the FDA in July 1999. Studies have discovered that patients taking Actos® over a period of time or in higher doses may possess an increased risk for developing bladder cancer.
Though the United States Food and Drug Administration has issued a warning concerning Actos® based on their review of study results, the drug continues to be available by prescription in the U.S. Studies conducted in France have led doctors and pharmacists to suspend use of this drug.
What to Do if You Think You May Have Bladder Cancer
Tell your doctor right away if you have blood or a red color in your urine, have an increased need to urinate, or have pain while you urinate as these may be symptoms of bladder cancer. If you or a loved one are currently taking Actos® or have taken the drug in the past and are displaying the symptoms described above, then Zinda & Davis PLLC can help.
The professional team of lawyers at Zinda & Davis PLLC may be able to assist you in recovering compensation for your pain and suffering. Over the years we’ve worked with many clients in similar situations and we are well experienced in helping you to receive the compensation you need in order to cover your medical expenses, lost wages and other expenses.
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